Bees are one of the most famous pollinators, along with the wild bees, which are also of crucial importance. Other pollinators are the wasps, butterflies, moths, and in some countries, the hummingbirds and bats. Usually the job of pollinators is to transfer pollen from flower to flower while collecting nectar from these flowers. When a bee visits a flower, it gives the bee its pollen grains, which sticks to the bee’s spindle hair. The bee collects them with its feet and stores them in the form of bags on the hind legs. Then carrying the bags to the hive. Uncollected pollen from the bee’s body falls into the next flowering plant and so pollination occurs. Although the honeybee has a special place in our hearts, all kinds of pollinators, even the annoying wasps, are a vital part of the healthy ecosystem.
Similar to the honeybee, the other crucially important pollinators also face threats of death and even distinction. Various factors affect pollinators, such as habitat loss due to deforestation and conversion to agricultural land. The abundant spraying of pesticides and herbicides onto the crops in the field often leads to poisoning the bees. There are invasive species, such as hornets, bee–eaters, which attack pollinators in the air. Parasites such as the Varroa mite, are a huge scourge for most pollinators. The list of threats is huge and we humans must help the pollinators in the fight to protect them.
There are many ways we can help; we will list some of the easier ones:
Planting flowering grasses, shrubs and trees
One of the best ways to help pollinators is by planting flowering grasses, shrubs and trees. Every flowering plant matters, so even if you do not have space, even a few potted plants on the window are useful. You can plant early spring and late autumn flowering plants. The nature then is most scarce of sources of pollen and nectar and your help will be of great importance. If you have a yard and space, you can turn it into a flower garden — it not only will beautify your space, but local pollinators will be very grateful to you.
Be careful what you spray against pests
Try not to use conventional pesticides because they are highly toxic to pollinators. Use as many natural substances as possible. If it is necessary, spray early in the morning or late in the evening when the bees are in the hive.
Keep bees or set up houses for wild bees
Beekeeping is not for everyone, but if you decide to do so, then you will be actively involved in the conservation of the honeybee in particular. Setting up houses (bee hotels) for wild bees is especially useful in urban conditions, where bees have been driven away due to urbanization. Currently do not find a way to survive without proper conditions.
Buy bee products
When buying bee products – honey, bee pollen, propolis, beeswax and beeswax candles, royal jelly, perga (bee bread), etc., you directly support the people who keep bees – the beekeepers.
In the context of aggressive agriculture, which has caused habitat destruction and continues to damage by spraying and poisoning bee colonies. The beekeepers are the only chance for bees to continue to survive. Beekeepers are the guardians of the bees; they monitor when farmers will spray with poisons and lock the bees in the hives until the danger passes. Beekeepers feed the bees in the periods with no nectar from the nature, caused by the small territories with various flowering vegetation due to their assimilation as agricultural lands. They help bees deal with parasites and invasive species. They provide first-class bee houses – beehives, protect them from wind, cold, suffocation, vandals, and fires.